05 Apr

Introduction to Scales

We already now know that there are in all 12 unique notes as per the music wheel. That is to say,

  • The 7 white keys – C, D, E, F, G, A, B
  • The 5 black keys – C#(Db), D#(Eb), F#(Gb), G#(Ab), A#(Bb) 

The 12 unique notes of music

All Note Names

What is a scale?: 

A scale is a group of musical notes chosen from the 12 unique notes, arranged in a sequential manner. 

A scale is used in composing melodies. Similarly, Raagas are used in Indian Classical music.

Types of Scales: 

There are many types of scales which are used in different genres of music like western, jazz, blues, rock, etc. 

However, the most common types of scales are –

  • Major Scales
  • Minor Scales 

Most importantly, they are widely used in Bollywood music.

Since a scale can start from any note,
there are 12 major scales and 12 minor scales.

What is the difference between a major scale and a minor scale?


  • A major scale has a happy tone. So, a song composed in a major scale generally sounds happy. For example, 
    • Pehla Nasha (F major scale)
    • Raabta (C major scale)


  • A minor scale has a sad tone. So, a song composed in a major scale generally sounds sad. For example, 
    • Tum Hi Ho (E minor scale)
    • Ae Dil Hai Mushkil (D minor scale)

But, why are Scales important to learn & memorize?

Scales are the primary element in music theory. Moreover, any song is built on the foundation of a scale.

To conclude, scales are important to learn & memorize to help us – 

  • Listen and play any song 
  • Understand chords & structures
  • Create harmonies 
  • Improvise

And much more . . . 

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